Background information about fleshy fruits

Fruit development is seen as a genetically programmed process unique to plants that requires a complex network of interacting genes and signaling pathways. In fleshy fruit, it involves three distinct stages, namely, fruit set, fruit development, and fruit ripening. The first phase of fruit development corresponds to fruit set and early growth characterized by active cell division. In the following phase, the fruit undergo a steady increase in size mostly due to cell expansion. The last phase corresponds to fruit ripening and is characterized by dramatic changes in colour, texture and taste that contribute to the buildup of the fruit sensory quality.

This sections will provide the reader with basic knowledge about fleshy fruit development: